Glasgow is the most populous city in Scotland and the third most populous city in the UK which has a population of around 600 000. Glasgow is located by the River Clyde in the country’s West Central Lowlands. From a tourism viewpoint, it is the fifth most visited city in the UK. The local residents are often times called “Glaswegians”. The name of the city is derived from Glasgow’s Gaelic term, Glaschu, which means “Green Glen.” There is also a unique dialect of the Scottish vocabulary, the Glasgow patter, that tends to be hard to comprehend by individuals from outside Glasgow. Glasgow started as a small rural settlement about the banks of the River Clyde and progressed into the 10th biggest seaport in the British Isles. The River Clyde was obviously a natural place for the settlement because of its access to fishing resources. It grew to being a major centre for the Scottish Enlightenment in the 18th century. In the course of the Industrial Revolution, the population and overall economy of the city developed rapidly to turn into among the world’s key centres of chemicals, textiles and also engineering, particularly for the shipbuilding and maritime engineering industry. Glasgow’s subterranean train system, that is called the ‘Clockwork Orange’ simply because of its colour, is the 3rd oldest subterranean train system in the world. After the River Clyde, the second significant river is the Kelvin whose name was applied in setting up the identify of Baron Kelvin. The Kelvin ended up as the SI unit for temperature.
Glasgow features a distinctive architectural landscape. This ranges through the Glasgow centre with it great Victorian structures, to the numerous glass and metal edifices in the financial district to the serpentine terraces of blonde and red sandstone in the west section along with the huge manors which make up Pollokshields, about the south section. Over the banks of the River Clyde there are a lot of futuristic appearing properties which include the landmark Riverside Museum as well as the Glasgow Science Centre. The city has many amenities for a number of cultural pursuits, from the sports activity of curling to opera and ballet and also from football to fine art passion. There are many museums which include those invested in transportation, religion, and contemporary art. In 1990 Glasgow had been designated as being the European City of Culture. The city is likewise a major hub of higher education and academic research, with a dozen main colleges and universities within 16 of the city centre.
The city is also renowned for hosting the 1st international soccer match in 1872 where Scotland and England drew 0-0. They also have the European record for the greatest number of people attending at a football game. In 1937, 149 547 observed when Scotland beat England 3-1 in Hampden. Glasgow is also the home of two of the world’s most famous club teams, Celtic and Rangers, sometimes referred to as the “Old Firm.” Their fierce rivalry started in 1888. It includes a professional rugby union club, the Glasgow Warriors, that plays in the European Rugby Champions Cup. Recently Glasgow was recognised for hosting the 2014 Commonwealth Games and also the first European Championships in 2018.